Pressure sores are one of the critical skin related problems that are developed due to certain pressure on a particular body part. Due to continuous pressure on the skin can cause damage to the underlying skin cells and tissues. Usually, they are experienced at the muscles’ area where bones are close to the skin like the ankle, lower back, hip joint, elbows, and heel. People who are unable to move or use a wheelchair, patients with a chronic illness and cannot move without help and on bed experienced the pressure sores.
Elders with physical health issues face the pressure sores more commonly than any other. Sores take time to build at a particular body part. Due to continuous sitting skin face the endless pressure that restricts the supply of the blood to that portion. Even the skin cells got dehydrated and damage starts. It can create numbness and even chronic pain, if untreated then it maybe got worse. The people who have to use a wheelchair continuously usually experienced the issue in the back skin or hip joints. Health advisors suggest that the use of medical sheepskin sheets or cushions are important for wheelchair users, a wheelchair without a cover can create unrest for the individual.
No matter what is the issue due to which a person got the pressure sores. An important consideration is only how to treat and avoid them. Here are some tips to prevent the pressure sores in the elders, patients and those who have the mobility problem.
Maintain a person’s movement session
Person’s those are having limited movements like elders are at a high risk of pressure sores. It is necessary to keep them involved with the movement sessions like yoga, walk or some lighter exercises. This will increase their mobility and reduce the chances of sores. If the person is not able to move b himself then it has to be with the help of a medical caretaker. A frequent change in the position can help to prevent pressure sores.
Examination of the skin
The skin says a lot about the health, so a regular examination of the skin and its care can also help to prevent pressure sores. For a person who can move it is easy to get to know about the change in the skin color or an early sign of sores. But a person with limited movement will not able to do it on his own. So, the caretaker can do it to investigate skin changes like redness, darken color or a feeling of hard skin, etc.
Use medical bedding products
The use of medical products like beds, covers, cushions can also help to prevent pressure sores. It is highly recommendable by the health consultants as well. Those who have a limited movement and have a permanent inability to move without help should use some soft bed mattresses or cushions to support the sensitive areas. This helps to change position easily.
Take care of the skin
One of the prevention that can reduce the chances of sores is taking care of the skin. Continuous sitting or lying in one position can make the skin sensitive, due to lack of blood circulation of oxygen supply. In the movement like changing the position can raise the chances of rubbing, or because of resistance raise the chance of pressure sores. It is important for such a person that resistance should be avoided and keep skin clean and hydrated to avoid such issues. For those who cannot do it by own, a caretaker can do it for them.
The skin damage can be caused by the moisture that creates due to excessive sweat. This situation is harmful to a person with poor mobility. So, it is necessary to avoid it by keeping the skin clear and clean. Continuous side changing, by keeping skin clean and with the use of certain moisture-absorbent covers or sheets it can be controlled.
Focus on the diet
Nutrition and a balanced diet can also prevent the risk of pressure sores. As well as it can help to recover or cure the sores more quickly. For such people who are at risk of pressure sores or have a problem should keep a check on the proper nutrients’ intake. Keep a person hydrated is an effective remedy to avoid pressure sores.
Keep a check on Re-positioning
All those people who have immobility issues and are on the bed due to illness should be encouraged to keep themselves in re-positioning after every hour. It can help by giving the skin room to breathe and have normal blood flow in a particular area.
Assess the risk of pressure sores
Pressure sore can affect any person who has to sit for a longer time in one place or one position. Especially people with disabilities to move are at risk. So, it is important to assess the risk of pressure sores and get prevention and treatment for them.